PRRM Yolanda Response Update (04 January 2014)
The casualties reported by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC: 11 December 2013, 6am) number 5,959, the injured at 27,022 and missing persons at 1,779. Affected communities are in nine regions, 44 provinces and 574 municipalities, 57 cities, and 11,939 barangays.
PRRM and partners have undertaken community needs assessment in seven provinces in three regions, namely: Aklan, Capiz, Iloilo and Negros Occidental in Western Visayas region; Cebu in Central Visayas region; Eastern Samar and Leyte in Eastern Visayas region.
Relief and early recovery operations were conducted in the following areas:
- Municipalities of Balete in Aklan and Pilar in Capiz, in partnership with Welthungerhilfe (WHH). From 15 November to mid-December, 5,000 families in 32 barangays received temporary shelter materials. Each family received a temporary shelter kit (contents: hammer, pliers, pincer, nails, wire, solar flashlight, tarpaulin, mosquito nets) and each barangay received 10 community toolkits (contents: spades, shovels, handsaws, crowbars, solar charger, community lamp. Recipient families were those with totally destroyed houses; with low or no income; without support received from relatives living outside the town; with no housing support received from other agencies. Additional criteria included families solely supported by women; with sick or disabled family members; with senior citizens; with small children aged 0 to two years; and with four or more children aged 15 years and below. Post-distribution monitoring was conducted in December.
- Municipalities of Carles, San Dionisio and Sara in Iloilo, in partnership with the Association of Medical Doctors of Asia (AMDA). Medical assistance, food items and temporary shelter materials were provided to 300 families in 3 barangays in Carles and San Dionisio. In Carles and Sara towns, 28 units of portable aqua units for lifesaving (PAULS) were distributed by WHH.
- Cities of Cadiz, Hinigaran and Sagay in Negros Occidental. Approximately one ton of relief goods collected at the PRRM headquarters in Quezon City were shipped to the PRRM-Negros Occidental office in Bacolod City for distribution to families in Hinigaran, Cadiz and Sagay cities. The goods were donated by civic organizations, a local government unit in Bataan province, PRRM staff, partners and friends and the People to People Aid (P2) Movement.
- Municipalities of Balangiga, Giporlos and Quinapondan in Eastern Samar, in partnership with the P2 and the Gruppo di Volontariato Civile (GVC). A rapid appraisal assessment was conducted from 25-28 November. Most houses, establishments and school buildings were damaged, local fishing and farming livelihoods were wiped out, and almost all coconut trees in upland and coastal areas were felled and most of those that remained standing were damaged beyond recovery. There has been no fishing from the time time the typhoon hit.
The needs identified by community and church leaders interviewed by the team included food items; temporary shelter materials; livelihood assistance (fishing boats and gears, farm inputs, coconut rehabilitation); coastal resource rehabilitation; classrooms and school buildings. As an immediate response, relief goods were sent to Giporlos, from donations by local and international agencies. The cash graciously donated by the People to People (P2) Aid Movement of Japan, and augmented by donations from PRRM staff, trustees and friends, was used to acquire vegetable seeds, Christmas gifts for children, and other basic items which will be brought to Eastern Samar (municipalities of Quinapondan, Giporlos and Balangiga). In addition, GVC will distribute 300 units of water filters to residents of Giporlos, and AMDA will provide solar lamps to families in Balangiga and Giporlos.
- AMDA also targeted the distribution of solar lamps to families in Cebu, with PRRM’s assistance.
In all areas, PRRM coordinated with the local government units, local non-government organizations, and international humanitarian agencies. PRRM continues to conduct the relief assistance based on the following principles:
- basic respect for local institutions – government and community
- emphasis on local purchases, as much as possible
- co-determination of priorities
- complementation of available assistance or inflows
- local mobilization.
PRRM Yolanda Response over the Christmas Season
- In Aklan and Capiz: The post-distribution monitoring was conducted jointly by PRRM and WHH among recipient families in Capiz and Aklan, in lowland, midland and upland barangays. Two families per barangay were randomly chosen and all families expressed happiness in receiving the shelter kits. The solar lamps included in the kits provided families brighter nights as electricity has not yet returned to Pilar and its neighbouring municipalities. No complaints have so far been received, with all families saying that the shelter tools are of good quality. In some barangays, there is a need to improve information on how families can access the community tools. Overall, the monitoring activities allowed people to be informed about the availability and free use of the community tools.
- In Negros Occidental: From December 20 to 22, the relief items delivered to PRRM Negros Occidental were distributed to families in Cadiz, Hinigaran and Sagay cities.
- In Eastern Samar: Families in Brgy. Gigoso in Giporlos town benefitted from the distribution of solar lamps by AMDA. And from P2 cash donations, Christmas gifts were given to the children. Also obtained from P2 donations were 250 packs of assorted vegetable seeds distributed to 100 households in Brgy. 1 in Quinapondan, 50 households in Brgy. 6 also in Quinapondan, and 100 households in Brgy. San Miguel in Balangiga (total of 250 households). The seeds will provide the families with crops that will produce food in the short term.
With two volunteer engineers from Villanova University in Pennsylvania, USA, infrastructure damage and needs assessment was conducted from December 24 to 30, in four barangays each in Giporlos and Quinapondan. The common urgent needs are livelihood/income sources (from coconut and food crop production and from fishing), sanitary facilities, water supply, repair/rebuilding of physical infrastructure (houses, school buildings), and solid waste management.
In affirmation of the integrated area development approach, PRRM has initially drawn up the framework of a reconstruction program, particularly for the three municipalities in Eastern Samar. The main reconstruction features include:
- Ecosystem-based restoration and development (upland, lowland and coastal) – restoration of livelihoods (fishing, coconut production, diversified farming); restoration of natural resources (mangroves); capacity building on coastal resource restoration and other off-shore income-generating activities
- Sustainable local economic development (SLED) – for food security; local market development; microfinance (to fuel market activity and market exchange); capacity building; value chain development for selected crops, livestock/poultry and products
- Housing and settlements development
- Participatory local governance
- Resilient community development planning – vulnerability and adaptation assessment; resource use mapping, planning and policy development (land and coastal resources); capacity development of community organizations, LGUs, LGAs, and other development institutions on DRR-CCA
Such program is being proposed in Giporlos in partnership with GVC. The same will be proposed in Balangiga and Quinapondan in partnership with P2.
- With assistance by PRRM and friends, AMDA was able to distribute solar lamps in Cebu.
Reconstruction the PRRM Way
Beyond relief assistance, PRRM plans to develop and implement reconstruction programs particularly in Aklan, Capiz and Eastern Samar provinces, where partners such as WHH, GVC and P2 are already presently involved. Particularly for Eastern Samar, this process is already beginning with project development activities (i.e., coconut rehabilitation proposal in Balangiga, Giporlos and Quinapondan; rehabilitation proposal in Giporlos with GVC; and rehabilitation proposal in Balangiga and Quinapondan with P2). Coordination and networking is also ongoing with LGUs, donors, and local and international organizations in the province, including the church.
In cooperation with other NGOs led by the Institute for Social Entrepreneurship in Asia (ISEA), an action research and agenda building process on the rehabilitation of social enterprises adversely affected by typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda will commence in January 2014. PRRM will facilitate the research and consultations in Aklan, Capiz, Eastern Samar and Iloilo provinces.
To educate the public and generate more support, PRRM may also undertake development communication activities such as a photo exhibit, printing of a photo magazine or brochure, and production of PRRM collaterals (e.g., banners, T-shirts), among others.
For the planned short-term project of P2, the proposed focus is on rehabilitation of farming and fishing livelihoods in Balangiga and Quinapondan. This may include the provision of boats, seeds and organic fertilizers, among others. Coconut tree replanting can only be done during the rainy season (starting in May 2014). Ecosystem rehabilitation projects such as mangrove planting can also be started. A cash-for-work arrangement for both livelihood and ecosystem rehabilitation can be employed.